There is no doubt that the appointment of Lucas Papademos as leader of Greece’s interim government will accelerate the process of deconstruction/transformation of the domestic party system.
Trend toward deconstruction of the party system
The convergence of the two longstanding government parties, which has taken place for the first time on such terms, marks a decisive turning point and is leading to a further deepening of the crisis of its two-party form. With estimated voter support for the socialist PASOK party and the conservative New Democracy party totaling 48% (and support within society less than 30%), the present crisis (the third since the restoration of democracy, following those of 1996 and 2008) would appear to have reached the point of no return. It is, of course, not yet clear what will take the place of the two-party system in Greece. The spectrum that runs between a new ‘bipolarity’ and a ‘fragmented multi-partyism’ is indeed broad. What is more certain, however, is that the past 10 days of Greek politics that “shook the world” in effect signal a historic cancellation of the institutionalized operation of two-partyism, which was consolidated by the numerous alternations in power since 1981, a fact that in turn also renders ineffective – de facto – the electoral law currently in force, since it will no longer be able to “produce the appropriate political results”. This explains the plans for changes to the law, which were raised at the last minute by the outgoing prime minister. The other side of the previous ascertainment is that the crisis of representation which has been evident for some time is becoming more acute. And even if the new prime minister does manage over time to rally ‘those above’, i.e. the politically and financially dominant social groups, this does not automatically mean that he will be able to secure also the consensus of ‘those below’, particularly without the classic ‘channels’ of the election process.
Impressive rise of the Left
In the present phase, the unprecedented severing of the ideological and political attachment to PASOK on the part of very broad segments of the electorate has resulted in an impressive strengthening of the Left, in all its current versions. The estimated aggregate voter support for the Left now exceeds one-third of the potential electorate. With similarities to the period of occupation, it surpasses even the success of the pre-dictatorship United Democratic Left (EDA) party in the elections of 1958, prior to the formation of the Center Union. If the trend toward the collapse of PASOK’s electoral support is not halted, it is clear that, apart from the conditions of social polarization which are becoming more acute, there will also be a tendency for conditions of polarization to be shaped in the political arena, with greater ideological ‘clarity’ than the corresponding polarization of the pre-dictatorship period, when it was compressed due to the presence of the pre-junta Center.
Decrease in voter abstention – call for elections
Another development that is reminiscent of the pre-dictatorship period, particularly the upshot of the political contention of the 1960s, mutatis mutandis of course, is the growing social acceptance of the call for elections (with 54% of citizens now in favor, an increase of 15% relative to the previous month). The special importance of parliamentary ideology in Greek politics, which has been stressed many times, explains the ways in which social discontent in Greece has historically found (and could possibly find today) an outlet. From this viewpoint, the sudden halting of the trend toward ‘withdrawal from the electorate’ is also striking. The reduction recorded in the intention to abstain (-7%) is quite considerable (27%, against 34% in October), marking a return to pre-Memorandum levels.
Date of publication: 13/11/2011
Publication: Newspaper “KATHIMERINI”